Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania establishes that the courts of the Republic of Lithuania are as follows: the Supreme Court of Lithuania, the Court of Appeal of Lithuania, regional courts and district (local) courts.
A court system of the Republic of Lithuania is made up of courts of general jurisdiction and courts of special jurisdiction.
Panevėžys Regional Court is a general jurisdiction court.
Regional Courts (Art. 19 of the Law on Courts of the Republic of Lithuania, Art. 27 of the Code of Civil Procedure, Art. 225 of the Code of Criminal Procedure):
1) are the courts of first instance for hearing the following civil cases:
a) where the amount of the plaint exceeds forty thousand Euros, except for family cases and cases of employment relationships as well as cases for compensation of non-property damage;
b) regarding copyright non-property legal relationships;
c) regarding civil public tender legal relationships;
d) regarding bankruptcy and restructuring, except for cases of bankruptcy of natural persons;
e) where one of the parties is a foreign country or state;
f) according to complaints regarding the compulsory selling of shares (dividends, interest);
g) according to the complaints regarding the investigation of a legal entity’s activities;
h) regarding compensation of property and non-property damage caused by violating established rights of patients;
i) other civil cases, assigned to their jurisdiction by law as courts of first instance;
2) are the first instance courts for hearing criminal cases, where persons are charged of committing serious and grave offences with exception of the cases provided for in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Lithuania and also cases, where the accused at the moment of commission a crime held the position of the President of the Republic of Lithuania, members of Parliament or Government, judges of the Constitutional Court, and other judges or prosecutors;
3) are an appellate instance for decisions, judgements, sentences, rulings and orders of district (local) courts;
4) perform other functions assigned to their jurisdiction by law.